The Republic is a country located on the western edge of the continent and was the first nation to transition towards democracy after a brutal revolution. Its capital city is Liberté et Égalité.
- 1 Culture
- 2 Chronology
- 3 Foreign Relations
- 4 Military
- 5 Government
- 6 Locations
- 7 Trivia
- 8 Footnotes
- 9 References
The Republic of San Magnolia's "five-hued" flag consists of the country's crest imposed on five stripes, each a different color: blue, red, white, black, and yellow. Each color represents one of the Republic's main moral principles: freedom, equality, brotherhood, justice, and nobility.
The flag drawn on a barrack wall in the Spearhead Squadron's base is reversed vertically and horizontally, which Lena attributes to the Republic's sins against the Eighty-Six: oppression, discrimination, intolerance, atrocity, and vulgarity.
The cuisine of the Republic is divided in two, the heavily artificial foods of the Eighty-Five Sectors and the assortment of free range, canned, and farmed foods of the Eighty-Sixth Sector. Due to the war, the Republic was forced to give up most of its land dedicated to producing food. Those inside the Eighty-Five live off of a diet consisting of factory-made synthetic meals, supplements, and the occasional genuine articles should they belong to the upper class. Families with spacious estates, such as Annette's, are able to grow their own produce should they desire. The Eighty-Six have more freedom to scavenge, raise farm animals, and hunt, but they also are provided with "synthetic glob" by the production facilities of the internment camps.
After the large-scale offensive, some of the older Republic citizens were delighted to eat meat, but the children threw the meat away without eating a single bite. They said it smelled like blood.
The Republic prefers tea over coffee as their hot beverage of choice. The Spearhead Squadron is shown to drink dandelion coffee instead of real coffee, as they could not import beans since the start of the war.
The Republic initially prided itself on being a nation of diverse cultures accepting to all different races. While the open immigration policies meant many different ethnic groups, collectively called the Colorata, settled within its borders, the Republic's population remained majority Alba. Immigrants also seemed to have some difficulty in upward mobility in social classes as few of the Colorata lived in upper class districts of the Republic's capital even before the outbreak of war. The Colorata families that did live in these districts likely were of noble lineage, such as that of Shinei Nouzen's. The presence of long lines of nobility in the upper class three hundred years after the fall of the monarchy, even of smaller lines like that of Vladilena Milizé, may also be a hint that the class society of the country has not changed as much as the Republic would like to think. As of modern times, the Alba rule the nation while the Colorata are treated as no more than livestock.
Perhaps, the most defining traits of the Republic's culture is their ideology of Alba Supremacy. The central part of the ideology is the believe that the Alba is the most superior race who stands above all other races on the continent; All things created by the Alba is inherently superior than other races' creation such as the government system, weapons, equipment etc.
The ideology has taken a deep root in the Republic society; Even Lena, who is very sympathetic to non-Alba, held the supremacist view subconsciously. For the most ardent supporters of Alba Supremacy, they will absolutely reject anything contradicting their believe, in spite of evidences saying otherwise. In fact, they have reached the frightening level of denialism where they prefer to delude themselves with the invented reality instead of accepting the truth.
The consequences of Alba Supremacism are horrendous. It was the main driving force behind The Special Wartime Peace Preservation Act, Presidential Order #6609, which is now widely regarded as the most abhorrent act of persecution in the recorded history of humankind. The feeling of superiority also hampered the progress and development of the nation as there are no incentive for improvements. As a result, The Republic is actually far behind other countries in many aspects despite their claim of superiority.
San Magnolia's national language is what would be considered modern English (although it is unknown if they call the language by that name), much like the rest of the continent. They write in the standard Latin script and are not taught other scripts such as a Japanese-like script seen in the borderlands of the old Imperial territories. While they speak the same language as Giad, Roa Gracia, and Wald, there are dialectal differences between the nations.
The Republic of San Magnolia was once a monarchy. This kingdom ruled over the land's native people, the Alba, and a subset of Alba known as Celena were its nobility. Over three hundred years ago, in Republic Year 1 (Stellar Year 1782), the monarchy was toppled in a democratic revolution and the Republic, the world's first modern democracy, was founded to replace it. The revolution was led by a woman who would later be called San Magnolia, whose martyrdom resulted in her becoming the namesake of the Republic.
War with the Giadian Empire
In Republic Year 358 (Stellar Year 2139), the Giadian Empire declared war on the Republic. The Republic's military forces were routed by the Empire's autonomous Legion war machines within half a month. In desperation, the Republic decided to withdraw all citizens to within 85 administrative sectors centered around the capital city that could be more easily defended from the Legion's advance. The Special Wartime Peace Preservation Act, Presidential Order #6609, was also enacted, designating all Colorata citizens within the Republic as threats to the nation and supporters of the Empire so they could be stripped of their civil rights and forcibly removed to internment camps outside the 85 sectors. The Republic's Alba population was largely receptive and even enthusiastic about the new law despite its blatant racism due to a long undercurrent of prejudice against the Colorata, who were descended from immigrants. The Colorata themselves protested and rioted to have the law repealed, but the government violently quashed this unrest and carried out the mass relocation. For the next year, the Colorata were forced to build the Gran Mur, a defensive wall encompassing the 85 sectors.
Republic Military Industries finally introduced a countermeasure against the Legion in Republic Year 359 (Stellar Year 2140); the M1A4 Juggernaut, a combat drone hailed as vastly superior to the Giadian Legion. In reality, not only were Juggernauts flimsier and less advanced than Legion units, Republic Military Industries had also failed to create its own AI to run the Juggernauts, and resorted to conscripting the Colorata as pilots who were considered completely expendable. The Republic's military designated these pilots as "Processors" to further dehumanize them, and placed its own remaining soldiers in charge of managing Juggernaut squadrons as "Handlers". While the military and upper echelons of the government were fully aware that they were using the Colorata as sacrificial troops to keep the Legion from breaching the Eighty-Five Sectors, the public were oblivious and accepted the official media reports that claimed, year after year, the war had ceased causing human casualties.
By Republic Year 367 (Stellar Year 2148), the war was no longer viewed as an existential threat to the Republic, and its people enjoyed a moderately idyllic lifestyle behind the Gran Mur. Thanks to the Juggernauts and their Processors fighting all of the battles, the military had been relegated to a make-work institution to help reduce unemployment. It was also believed that the war's end was in sight, since the Giadian Empire had fallen from within four years earlier and the Legion only had an operational lifespan of six years.
Fall of the Gran Mur
Unbeknownst to the Republic, the Legion had a workaround for their expiry date built in by their creator: Zelene Birkenbaum. By harvesting the bodies of fallen Processors they were able to create AIs based on their brains that would become known as "Black Sheep". The Republic's most advanced unit, the Spearhead Squadron, eventually learned of these new models, including a railgun-type Legion that could easily topple the Eighty-Five Sectors' defenses. However, when their Handler delivered a report on it to the higher-ups, they just arrogantly dismissed it; a decision that would cost the Republic greatly.
On August 25th RY 368, while the Handlers of the Northern Front were partying and neglecting their duties, the Legion launched a massive offensive, destroying the minefield and Gran Mur surrounding the Eighty-Five Sectors via bombardments from the Railgun Type Morpho before invading the Republic's official territory. Due to the lives of leisure they had lived until now, the Alba were utterly incapable of fighting back and mass casualties ensued whilst the government and military fell into disarray. Fortunately, a relatively low-ranking officer, Captain Vladilena Milizé, the very same person who first submitted the report on the Black Sheep, stepped up and immediately took charge of the situation. Having known this day would come, she had been preparing for it in secret. Ignoring her superiors, she contacted all Processors using an illegally modified Para-RAID and allowed them into Republic Territory by deactivating the remnants of the minefield and blasting open the gates of the Gran Mur herself, which now no longer served any purpose. Despite the sheer animosity between the Alba and Colorata, the latter still came to their aid, as they needed the Republic's resources the former controlled, with Alba volunteers joining as well, resulting in a bloody, two month-long siege.
The majority of the Republic's citizens were slaughtered by the Legion in the large-scale offensive. The Legion carried out planned raids into the 85 other administrative Sectors of the Republic, and killed a total of ten million humans and harvested their brains to create more Shepherds.
Despite the Republic's defensive actions under Captain Milizé's command, they were slowly being overwhelmed by the sheer number of Legion. Just when all hope appeared lost, however, military forces from another nation suddenly appeared and helped break the siege: the Federal Republic of Giad, founded by the remnants of the toppled Giadian Empire. In the end, the Federacy's Nordlicht Squadron destroyed the Railgun Type Legion commanding the enemy forces, causing them to fall into disarray and retreat, giving the Republic time to recover.
Following the siege, the Republic welcomed the Federacy's forces as heroes. However, their reprieve was shortlived, as the latter revealed that, despite their actions to repress the truth, the international community was fully aware of the severe human-rights violations the Alba committed against the Colorata. Subsequently occupating the nation, the Federacy's first act was to secure the safety of the Colorata whilst working with pro-Processor Alba groups to confirm casualties, which turned out to be in the millions. Outraged by the Republic's actions, the Alba population was only given the bare minimum of humanitarian aid, whereas the Colorata were offered full Federacy citizenships.
Despite the distain for the Republic in the eyes of the international community, the other nations had also lost a lot of man-power in the siege and desperately needed more personnel to liberate the country's northern regions, which were still under Legion control. Thus, they offered the Republic a chance to redeem themselves and end their country's occupation by contributing to their international strike force, the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package. However, few Alba actually took up the offer whilst most of the populace believed that the mass volunteering of Processors, who were unable to live normal lives after growing up on the battlefield, would represent them, continuing to have them to carry their burdens whilst hypocritically blaming them for the occupation.
Yvonne Primevére as the Republic's Representative made formal complaints to Ernst Zimmerman, in regards of the Eighty-Six’s treatment. She demanded the return of the Eighty-Six, the Federacy's military to leave the Republic, and for the return of their sovereignty. She was rejected outright.
Recapture operations of the Republic's former territories are currently being spearheaded by the Federacy's Army of the Western Front, as well as reinforcements from the United Kingdom of Roa Gracia.
They approached the alliance because of their neutrality, after the Federacy had repeatedly refuse to allow the Republic to make contact with Vladilena Milizé.
A former hostile nation that once made a declaration of war against the Republic. Faced with the Empire’s overwhelming military strength, the Republic Armed Forces were decimated within half a month. False rumors were spread that the Republic’s defeat in the war came as a result of the Colorata’s spying. Having been trapped, humiliated, and thrust into a state of emergency by the Empire, the Alba discriminated against the Eighty-six is the result of believing the Eighty-Six to be “progeny of the Empire”. Despite pouring all their efforts into producing a Republic-made unmanned drone, no attempt ever achieved the level where it could withstand live combat. The Republic refused to admit that the superior Alba failed to produce a unmanned machine when the inferior Empire could.
They learned of the Empire's demise fours years ago when they intercepted the empire's communications. Even with the fall of the empire, they continued their atrocities against the Eighty-six.
The Republic's citizens at first gratefully applauded the Federacy's aid in the large-scale offensive. However, the Republic's citizens become increasingly dissatisfied with the Federacy's treatment, as they were given minimal support and were forced into labor-intensive restoration work and mandatory combat training. They viewed the Federacy as Imperialist dogs, for they only ceased being an empire in name only. They detested the Federacy for controlling the Republic's government and seemingly believe their peace and equality is stolen under the false pretense of protection. They are disgusted with the Federacy's arrangement of building a new military headquarters for the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package. The Holy Magnolian Order of Pureblood party insisted the Federacy to return the Eighty-Six, order their military to retreat, and return sovereignty of the Republic to rightful Alba hands. They want to have the Eighty-Six handle the Republic’s defense again after the Federacy’s army leaves.
Some of them fully believed the recent success of the Strike Package is due to management by the Republic’s capable officers and the Federacy has stolen everything from the Republic, their achievement and their Eighty-Six. Some of them are convinced that this is the Federacy's propaganda to humiliate the republic.
The Republic lagged behind other countries in many fields, including the military. While most countries on the continent had already adopted Feldreß into their armed forces, the Republic Armed Forces still relied on traditional land vehicles. When the war against the Giadian Empire began, the Republic Armed Forces were completely wiped out within weeks. Consequently, the government decided to impose extreme, racist measures to rebuild its military, by stripping their Colorata populations of their citizenship, relocating them to internment camps and forcing them to fight the war on the behalf of the Alba population.
Up until the fall of Gran Mur, the Republic's military was divided into two groups. The first group was an official armed forces which consisted exclusively of the Alba. These soldiers’ duties almost entirely did not involve direct combat, including bureaucrats, engineers, artillery crews, etc. The second group was the Eighty-Six; the former citizens of the Republic who were persecuted and exiled to the Eighty-Sixth Sector of the nation. The Eighty-Six were forced by the Republic to engage the Legion directly and bear the brunt of casualties.
Following the introduction of the M1A4 Juggernaut, two new positions were created. The Eighty-Six who piloted the Juggernauts, “Processors”; and the Republic soldiers who oversaw the Juggernaut squadrons, “Handlers”.
The Republic's military was plagued by problems which greatly diminished its combat effectiveness. Their largest problem was an extremely hostile relationship between the official Republic soldiers and the Eighty-Six. In the eye of the Republic soldiers, the Eighty-Six were nothing more than expendable livestock. As a result, the Eighty-Six had to fight the Legion with minimal to no assistance. Before the deployment of the Republic’s own Feldreß, they were sent out to the battlefield with rocket launchers and other explosives, ordered to execute simple suicide tactics.
Even after the Juggernaut entered the service, the situation was hardly improved for the Eighty-Six. They would receive only rudimentary training on how to operate the Juggernaut before being deployed to their bases on the combat wards. The Juggernaut itself was significantly inferior to the various types of the Legion’s drones in firepower, protection, and mobility. Even worse, they were outnumbered by the Legion in nearly every engagement. Unsurprisingly, the attrition rates for Processors were extremely high. On average, only 1 out of every 1000 recruits survived their first year of deployment.
On the other hand, the official armed forces of the Republic faced a different type of problem. Although they generally did not suffer any casualties outside death from accidents, the secure and comfortable life behind the wall had caused the republic armed forces to lose almost all their combat readiness. The indiscipline and negligence of duty were everywhere that the sight of soldiers getting drunk while on duty was not uncommon. Important instalments, such as the interception cannons, were inoperable due to a lack of maintenance. But perhaps the prime example of the Republic's incompetence were the Handlers of the Processors. Theoretically, they were to oversee the Juggernaut squadrons and provide tactical support during combat. However, due to the widespread discrimination against the Eighty-Six and the use of military positions as temporary jobs for the unemployed of the Eighty-Five Sectors, many Handlers were ineffective commanders. They often had neither skills to command the Juggernaut Squadrons nor willingness to carry out their duties. Some Handlers even mismanaged their squadrons deliberately, often leading to unnecessary casualties.
Following the Republic's occupation by the Federal Republic of Giad, its military was heavily restricted by the Federacy due to the severe human-rights violations of the Handler-Processor system. Still, the international community gave them a chance to redeem themselves by contributing to the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package. Despite this, however, only a handful of Alba officers (i.e, Vladilena Milizé, Henrietta von Penrose, and Dustin Jaeger) contributed, as the populace thought the many Eighty-Six volunteering were enough to pull the Republic's weight.
Maintaining civil order was the role of the military police. Naturally, the military police could only act within Federacy military regulations. The MPs on patrol had to remove the banners of the Patriotic Knights' supporters. During the retaking of the First Sector, the military police in charge of the shelter went out to hunt to serve the Republic’s citizens meat.
The Republic's military officers were shown to be severely fanatical, yet incompetent, even after the fall of the Gran Mur.
- Standard Rifle:
The standard model used by the Republic Armed Forces employed high-caliber, full-size rifle bullets, and as such was made entirely out of sturdy metal alloy. This was done on the assumption they might have to fight armored opponents, but as a result, the rifles were exceptionally heavy. The Republic's soldiers consider the Republic’s assault rifles to be terribly heavy. Soldiers in the Eighty-Five Sectors hate having to carry them around, let alone practice using them.
- Anti-Personnel Rifle:
Main Article: FN FAL
- Standard Sidearm:
Main Article: P226
- Interception Cannons:
Main Article: Mine Fields and Interception Cannons
- M1A4 Juggernaut:
Main Article: M1A4 Juggernaut
- M101 Barrett:
Main Article: M101 Barrett
Main Article: Para-RAID
In the large-scale offensive, the government was too late to realized the severity of the situation, where the Legion had already invaded the Eighty-Fifth Sector. In the aftermath, the Republic’s president and high officers were heavily criticized by the Federacy's commander of the rescue forces.
As part of the Federacy's occupation, the Republic's government was disbanded and a puppet administration—controlled by the Federacy—was established.
The Interim Government have no doubt that the Alba has established the greatest form of government in the history of humankind; a system wherein the superior race stands above all other races on the continent. They would never lose to the Legion, as they are the creation of an inferior race.
They blamed the Eighty-Six’s incompetence for the Republic's downfall. They criticized the Eighty-Six's failure to achieve victory over the course of a decade, despite claiming to have given them "superb weapons". Furthermore they condemned the Eighty-Six for the Gran Mur’s collapse, for which they claimed the Eighty-Six has intentionally sabotaged the structural design.
Vladilena Milizé suspects the interim government—under the influence of the Patriotic Knights—intentionally gave the wrong map of the Charité Underground Labyrinth to the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package.
Yvonne Primevére is the leader of The Holy Magnolian Order of Pureblood, Pure-White, Patriotic Knights. She has been rapidly gathering support from the old Republic’s citizens and building up her position within the interim government.
Outraged by effectively having their nation stolen from them, they were determined to retain the Republic's independence and return to the former status quo. The Processors of the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package referred to the fanatics she led as "Bleachers". The Bleachers advocated for the return of the Eighty-Six to the Republic and the exit of the Federacy's hand in San Magnolian affairs.
Following the string of successes obtained by the Strike Package, the Bleachers attempted to spin a narrative around how their success was attributed to Vladilena Milizé's leadership alone, proving that the Eighty-Six were better off under the command of the Republic. Colonel Milizé vehemently denied that notion, stating that the credit of the Strike Package's successes went to the Federacy, the United Kingdom, and—most importantly—the Strike Package's Processors.
The 85 officially recognized sectors of the Republic where the Alba reside, spanning an area of roughly 23 thousand square kilometers. This constitutes less than half of the Republic's territory prior to the start of the war. The First Sector is located in the heart of the Republic, and the other Sectors spread out from its four sides in a rectangular fashion with numbers designated by order of closeness to the First Sector. The higher a Sector's number grew, the worse its residential environment, public safety, standard of education, and unemployment rate became. Most of the production industries are located in the Outer Sectors; industries like solar power plants, geothermal power plants, and wind farms are situated nearer to the peripheries of the Gran Mur.
A great fortification surrounding the Eighty-Five Sectors built by the Eighty-Six forced into labor. The Gran Mur[† 2] acted as the Republic's final defense line, as well as a deterrent against Eighty-Six dissent. The fortification fell at the rounds of the railgun type Morpho, alongside a large concentration of Legion stationed in the Northern Front. The rest of the fortification's gates would be blasted away at the orders of Vladilena Milizé in order to clear a path for the Eighty-Six during the defense of the First Sector.
First Sector (Liberté et Égalité):
The capital city and administrative sector of the Republic. The First Sector had been an affluent neighborhood since the days of the monarchy, and its inhabitants were all families that had lived there for multiple generations. The pure-blood noble houses of the Celena are the primary residents. Colorata citizens were a rare sight in the First Sector even before the War began.
- Milizé Estate: The residence of the Milizé household.
- Palace Blancneige: The administrative headquarters of the Republic Armed Forces and operational center for Handlers. Originally the residence of the old kingdom's royal family.
- Presidential Palace Luñe: The center of the Revolution Festival.
Unnumbered Northern Sector (Charité):
The secondary capital of the Republic, infamous for its underground subway system which was given the moniker of "The Charité Underground Labyinth". Charité was brought to ruin and abandoned following the fall of the Gran Mur, where its subway system became a Legion production site. Charité was retaken nine months later by the Eighty-Sixth Strike Package.
The unofficial sector of the Republic where the Eighty-Six reside. The sector houses many internment camps where the Eighty-Six are forced into labor and experimented upon, as well as bases from which the Processors operate from. Additionally, the area is a no-man's land outside the Republic's defensive perimeter of minefields and artillery. The minefields contain both anti-tank mines to guard against Legion, and anti-personnel mines to keep the Eighty-Six outside.
Mine Fields and Interception Cannons:
A large anti-personnel and anti-tank minefield surrounding Republic 120 kilometers away from the Gran Mur. Interception Cannons are placed along this line as artillery support against the Legion, although rarely used, as well as a deterrent to threaten deserting Processors. Most of the interception cannons were inoperable, due the Republic reducing its own armory and slothful maintenance. These cannons did eventually see use under the command of Vladilena Milizé, who did not hesitate to fire them as support for her Brísingamen Squadron.
A frontier characterized by prairies, forests, and wetlands.
- First Ward: A region where the Legion's advancement is the fiercest, it is the position of the Spearhead Squadron.
- Fifth Ward: The position of the Stiletto Squadron.
- Sixteenth Ward: The position of the Falx Squadron.
- Twenty-Seventh Ward: The position of the Bayonet Squadron.
- Thirty-Fifth Ward: The position of the Halberd Squadron.
- First Ward: A region where the Legion's advancement is the fiercest, it is the position of the Longbow Squadron.
- First Ward: A region where the Legion's advancement is the fiercest, it is the position of the Sledgehammer Squadron.
- First Ward: A region where the Legion's advancement is the fiercest, it is the position of the Razor Edge Squadron.
- The area of the Republic and the Eighty-Sixth Sector combined is approximately 132,603 km2.[† 4] This would be nearly equivalent to the size of England.
- The Republic of San Magnolia has clear similarities to several republics such as France, with the capital being named Liberté et Égalité, which is taken from the French national motto "Liberté, égalité, fraternité." The United States is also alluded to as the Wartime Peace Preservation Act, Presidential Order #6609 is a reference to Executive Order 9066. Asato also clearly indicates Nazi Germany (which itself was the Weimar Republic before Hitler's rise to power) and the Final Solution as a template for the Republic's atrocities.
- Magnolia flowers, the namesake of the Republic of San Magnolia, are also the state flower of many states in the American South and is the national flower of North Korea. A possible reference to the historical use of slavery of the South and the authoritarian regime of North Korea.
- Immediately prior to the large-scale offensive, the Republic had a population of over ten million as stated in Volume 6, Chapter 1. It is mentioned that ten million Republic citizens were killed by the Legion during the large-scale offensive after the fall of Gran Mur, meaning that 90% of Republic citizens were killed and there is less than a million left.
- Gran Mule in Volume 1, Gran Mur in all subsequent volumes
- Changed to 575 names in the anime, as Rei's tag was missing from the box and is currently with Shin.
- The Republic proper has an area of 23,000 km2, which assuming the shape of a circle would have a radius of 85.5 km. Add to that the 120 km needed to reach the Spearhead Squadron's base (r = 85.5 + 120 = 205.5) and run it through the circle's area formula (r2π) and the result above would be obtained.
- Volume 7 Chapter 2
- Volume 1 Chapter 1
- Volume 1 Chapter 7
- Volume 1 Chapter 2
- Volume 4 Chapter 1
- Volume 7 Chapter 1
- Episode 11
- Volume 5 Chapter 1
- Volume 1 Chapter 4
- Volume 1 Chapter 5
- Volume 1 Epilogue
- Volume 3 Interlude
- Volume 8 Chapter 1
- Volume 4 Chapter 4
- Volume 3 Chapter 9
- Volume 4 Chapter 3
- Volume 4 Chapter 2
- Fragmental Neoteny Manga Chapter 1
- Volume 4 Chapter 4
- Magonolia - Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2021-04-15. “Symbolism”